International cooperation quality assurance research evaluations ethics screening committee for medical ethics uza-ua (cme) ethical committee for animal testing (ecd) ethics committee for the social sciences and humanities (ea shw) ethics committee for science and technology (dual use. Ethical guidelines to ensure human laboratory animal science have evolved over centuries, but further refinement and improvement is still needed, says new research published august 9 in pharmacology research & perspectives what are animal ethics the review article, written by australian. Animal research has long been controversial the medical benefits can be significant, although not always, and opponents argue the benefits are often outweighed by the pain and suffering inflicted on the animal. Lab work that involves animals is controversial but such research is heavily regulated. This post, signed by over 90 scientists, is in response to an article published 09/ 04/16 in the new york times titled: second thoughts of an animal researcher the ethics and value of responsible animal research last week we learned that in the first decade since its introduction the hpv (human papilloma.
Blending new voices with more familiar ones, the ethics of animal research breathes new life into an old debate jeremy garrett has shown that it is possible to move beyond polemics and have a productive exchange of ideas about the ethics of using animals in research peter singer ira w decamp professor of bioethics. The 2002 ethics code mandated certain actions when using animals in research, including minimizing pain and proper instruction in research methods. The ethics of animal research: a survey of the public and scientists in north america ari r joffeemail author, meredith bara, natalie anton and nathan nobis bmc medical ethicsbmc series – open, inclusive and trusted201617:17 © joffe et al 2016 received: 14 november.
Because animals as distant from humans as mice and rats share many physiological and genetic similarities with humans, animal experimentation can be tremendously helpful for furthering medical science however, there is an ongoing debate about the ethics of animal experimentation some people. Animal research has had a vital role in many scientific and medical advances of the past century and continues to aid our understanding of various diseases throughout the world, people enjoy a better quality of life because of these advances, and the subsequent development of new medicines and treatments— all made. Animal experimentation nonhuman animals are used in laboratories for a number of purposes examples of animal experimentation include product testing , use of animals as research models and as educational tools within each of these categories, there are also many different purposes for which they are used.
Objectives review the extent of the use of animals in research in the united states today understand the risks and benefits of using animals in research and how some of these risks have been minimized by current regulations discuss the ethical questions raised by using higher-order primates in medical research. Animals have been used in research and teaching for a long time however, clear ethical guidelines and pertinent legislation were instated only in the past few decades, even in developed countries with judeo‐christian ethical roots we compactly cover the basics of animal research ethics, ethical.
All research, teaching or testing using animals conducted by staff or students affiliated with the university of alberta, or involving university resources/ facilities, must be reviewed and approved by one of the university's animal care and use committees (acuc) before the research starts the use of animals for research,. (voor de nederlandse versie, klik hier) noldus information technology provides tools for the study of behavior, both animal (think of laboratory studies, wildlife behavior, farm animal welfare studies, pet-owner interactions and much more) and human behavior (human computer interaction studies, consumer research,.
The ethics of animal experimentation w lane-petter university of cambridge animal experimentation arouses great emotion in many people, perhaps more especially in britain, and this has increased as more sophisticated medical and non-medical animal experiments are demanded by modern research the cruelty to. The ethical treatment of animals is one of serious academic interest today specifically, both the practice of animal experimentation and ethical concerns about it have a long history, going virtually back to the ancient greek period and continuing to the present day with new breakthroughs in science and technology , it is.
The use of animals in research should evolve out of a strong sense of ethical self- examination ethical self-examination involves a careful self-analysis of one's own personal and scientific motives moreover, it requires a recognition of animal suffering and a satisfactory. The ethics of animal research animal use has been a hotly contested moral issue for hundreds of years in the 17th century rené descartes, a french philosopher, argued that animals were no more than automata and could not feel pain this was rejected by jeremy bentham in the 18th century who. Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study this approach can be contrasted with field studies in which animals are observed in their. In 1947, oxford don c s lewis commented that it was “the rarest thing in the world to hear a rational discussion of vivisection” the aim of this project in partnership with cruelty free international is to provide just that: a rational discussion of the ethics of using animals in research the first stage of the project was the.
Cardiac surgeon axel haverich of the hanover medical school has developed an improved heart valve for use in children that was first tested on sheep. This module urges students to think about how we use animals in our everyday lives and in biomedical research, and to evaluate philo- sophical and ethical issues surrounding animal use animals are obviously living, breathing, complex beings like humans, but at the same time, they differ from us in many ways, and we. (co-opted member of the council for the period of chairing the working party on the ethics of prolonging life in fetuses and the newborn) (co-opted member of the council for the period of chairing the working party on the ethics of research involving animals) secretariat dr sandy thomas (director) dr catherine moody. There are strong indications that the nature of the arguments about animal research is changing in fundamental and profound ways new initiatives in the united states are seeking alternatives to animal testing this special report, the product of a hastings center project on the changing views of animal research ethics,.